New way to detect breast cancer more accurately
Breast cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the breast. These abnormal cells grow and divide faster than normal cells. They can also invade the breast and surrounding tissue and spread to other parts of the body. The breast is made up of fat, connective tissue and glandular tissue that forms sections called lobules and lobes (a collection of lobules). The breast (milk) ducts connect the lobes to the nipple. There are a number of different types of breast cancers, most of which begin in the breast ducts. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in females, and the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia.
The cause of breast cancer is still unknown, however research has identified a number of factors that increase the risk including:
The type of treatment will depend on the type of breast cancer. Although nearly all treatments have side effects, most can be effectively managed. Treatments used for breast cancer include: